Dacă ar fi să urmez toate principiile jurnalistice de bază evident că ar trebui să scriu despre această arzătoare problemă a defrișărilor ilegale. Un subiect la zi, impus de sălbăticia cu care timp de 25 ani a fost distrusă pădurea. Cu beneficii enorme pentru toți cei ce au legătură cu această industrie bănoasă a exploatării lemnului. Și ultimele zile scot în evidență faptul că este greu să renunți la ceva ce îți aduce un confort financiar cu care poți cumpăra liniștea din punct de vedere politic, economic sau penal. Cred că aș fi mai tentat să scriu despre buba ce stă să se spargă în legatură cu problema deșeurilor de ambalaje. Atât de “savuroase” sunt aromele în această zonă a deșeurilor încât este greu să te cenzurezi în a degusta din picantele aventuri ale principalilor actori implicate în această scenetă cu iz de Caragiale.
Și totuși. Să încercăm să vedem ce se află dincolo de această perdea de fum înecăcios…
Să zicem că sunt disponibili 350 de milioane de euro pentru următoarea perioadă prin Programul Operațional Infrastructura Mare 2014-2020. Banii sunt dedicați finanțării proiectelor pentru natura, în special pentru protejarea biodiversității. Ca să vezi….
Dar ce constatăm dacă o să crăpăm un pic ușa și ne uităm un pic în curtea Ministerului? Ca un facut în ultima perioadă nu mai avem custozi pentru siturile Natura 2000. Dar cei ce vor trebui să aplice pentru aceste fonduri nerambursabile sunt chiar cei ce au în custodie aceste situri. Pe cale de consecință ne aflam în fața unei situații foarte interesante. Primo – Avem nevoie de “oameni potriviți la momentul potrivit” – Anul acesta vor fi scoase la mezat toate siturile Natura 2000 care nu au custozi și în acest fel vom completa “schemele de lucru”. Secundo – Oameni buni, siturile Natura 2000 cuprind mai mult de 40% din suprafața țării și credeți-ma sunt ultimele locuri unde încă nu a calcat picior de “investitor strategic”.
Stimată doamnă Ministru, am avut ocazia să vă cunosc și am văzut un lucru important în discursul dvs. Acel lucru îl cred milioane de români în țara asta dar fie nu au curaj fie pur și simplu nu au găsit persoana potrivită pe care să o creadă. Eu cred că dacă o să treceți peste pragurile de început de februarie o să puteți să continuați cu brio programul propus.
Și pentru prieteni un mic amănunt: câinele de pază nu se duce niciodată după momeala aruncată ci așteaptă comanda stăpânului să atace…..
The energy industry is preparing for ICCI 2016 - the 22nd International Energy and Environment Fair and Conference that will take place in Istanbul Expo Center on 27 to 29 of April. At a time when energy policies have become one of the most determining factors of politics and economy, ICCI is bringing together all the stakeholders of the industry from public and private sectors to academicians with investors. With investment needs of around 130 Billion US-Dollars in the energy sector until 2023 Turkey offers tremendous opportunities.
New Solar Power Special Section
The exhibitors will be presenting their products and services in the Renewable Energy, Cogeneration, Electric Generation and Trade, Electric Transmission Systems, Energy Plants Maintenance, Repair and Servicing, Environment Technologies, Energy Efficiency, Logistics and IT Technology areas while the new trends of the industry are introduced to the visitors. Also, the new Solar Power Special Section to be created this year is intended to bring together the representatives of the industry with the investors. A Conference with over 250 speakers will take place simultaneously, focusing on various matters such as Energy Policies and Regulations, Energy Efficiency, Energy Technologies, Products and Services.
Expected 340 exhibitors and 16,000 professionals
Organized with the support of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, Ministry of Energy and Natural Sources, Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs and Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EPDK), ICCI 2016 shines out as the most comprehensive event in the industry in Turkey. Over 30 partners, among them the Renewable Energy Associations GÜNDER and GENSED are backing the event. Expected are 340 exhibitors and around 16,000 professional visitors from Europe, North Africa, Asia and the Gulf countries, in addition to Turkey. ICCI 2016 will take place April 27 to 29 in Istanbul Expo Center in Halls 9, 10 and 11.
Exhibition, Conference and B2B Meetings
Alexander Kühnel, General Manager of Hannover Fairs Turkey Fuarcılık says: "As the largest energy meeting bringing together trade fair, conference and B2B events, ICCI is an important event that has made ample contribution to the development of the energy industry in Turkey and globally and that grows together with the industry. The event is a major address in mutually developing collaboration in the area extending from Europe to Middle East and North Africa with the exhibitor country pavilions, international buyer programs and B2B meetings organization."
For further information please contact: Özge Doğancoşkun
The production of energy from alternative sources and its impact on climate change are among the main strategic tools implicated in the sustainable development of our society. Numerous types of biomass and wastes contribute towards the production of energy and reduction in the use of fossil fuels by means of biological, chemical and thermal processes. Existing biomass and waste to energy technologies are currently undergoing rapid development. Despite growing interest in the use of these technologies, in many countries their implementation remains limited.The aim of the Venice 2016 Symposium is to focus on the advances made in the application of technologies for energy recovery from biomass and waste and to encourage discussion in these fields. The previous edition of the Symposium, held in 2014, was attended by nearly 580 scientists and operators from approximately 62 different countries.The sixth edition of the Symposium will feature:
One day of guided technical tours at biochemical and thermochemical plants
Six parallel oral sessions, poster sessions and an exhibition by companies working in the field
Expected attendance of over 600 delegates from tens of different countries worldwide.
The Symposium is organized by the International Waste Working Group (IWWG) and Ordine degli Ingegneri della Provincia di Venezia, with the scientific support of the Universities of Queensland, Padova, Hokkaido, Rostock, Trento, Hamburg University of Technology and Venice International University.
An extended abstract, prepared using the article template available from the Symposium website, should reach the Organization no later than 29th February 2016.The official language of the Symposium is English. All abstracts must therefore be written in English and cover one of the following topics:
- Biomass and waste characterisation as a potential energy source
- Renewable fuel (Biodiesel, Bioethanol, Gas liquification, Hydrogen)
- Anaerobic digestion
- Refuse-derived fuel / Solid recovered fuel (RDF/SRF)
- Thermal treatment (Combustion, Pyrolysis, Gasification and Others)
- Economic aspects
- Decision tools
- Policies and Legal aspects
- Climate change and Sink
- Ecotoxicological aspects and Health issues
- Public acceptance
- Experiences and new developments
- Developing countries
For more information and graphic material please contact: ICM AGSusann Schmid
5708 Birrwil, Switzerland
Phone: +41 62 785 10 00
Following the huge success of its second edition in 2014, which registered the participation of more than 200 delegates from 40 different countries worldwide, SUM 2016 – 3rd Symposium on Urban Mining will be held in the suggestive former Monastery of Saint Augustine in Bergamo’s upper city, from 23rd to 25th May 2016. SUM 2016 will focus on the concept of Urban Mining and the need to look beyond separate collection and the current logic of consumers responsibility, resulting in an increased recovery of resources, better quality of the same, improved environmental protection, involvement of producer responsibility and lower costs for society.
The Symposium will last three days and will include oral sessions, a poster session and a technical tour at a real scale plant dealing with post-consumer plastic packaging.
The 15th International Electronics Recycling Congress IERC 2016 will take place from January 19 – 22, 2016 in Salzburg, Austria.
IERC 2016 is the recycling industry’s most important event, bringing together over 500 international experts: producers, recyclers, equipment manufacturers, recycling associations, standards bodies, NGOs, regulators and many more.
Topics of the conference:
- Challenges of the Circular Economy
- Reports on the recycling of precious and strategic metals
- Staying profitable as products and markets change
- Best available recycling technologies
- Worldwide take-back schemes, quotas and challenges faced by OEMs
- How do countries & electronics manufacturing companies close the recycling loop?
- Which standards, compliance regulations and controls support the industry?
- Business opportunities and models in emerging markets
- Where is EPR in WEEE? Perspective of recyclers, consumers, OEMs and legislation
The program includes also Tool Box Talks and a Podium Discussion on “Circular Economy: Is it hype or mega trend?”
Experts discuss the challenges of battery recycling:
Battery recyclers adjusting to new material mix
Montreux, September 30, 2015: The battery recycling sector needs to adjust to the increasing volumes of lithium-ion batteries on the market. The number of lithium-ion batteries currently in use is constantly growing, particularly in the fields of electronics and electric mobility. This fact became evident last week in Montreux, Switzerland, where the international battery recycling industry came together at the International Congress for Battery Recycling ICBR 2015. During the two-day congress, more than 20 experts spoke on various topics to almost 200 participants. The congress was concluded on the third day with a workshop on the safe transportation of lithium batteries and a tour to the company Batrec Industrie AG in Wimmis.
Lithium-ion batteries were repeatedly the focus of many of the lectures. The high-performance batteries currently provide energy in particular for a host of mobile electronic devices such as smartphones and digital cameras. Last year, around 1.8 billion mobile telephones, 230 million tablets and 170 million notebooks were sold worldwide and the trend for the years to come points upwards. According to Christophe Pillot, CEO of the French market research institute Avicenne Energy, between 2010 and 2025, the demand for mobile telephones is forecast to rise by an average of 6 per cent per year.
Consequently, demand for lithium-ion batteries is also multiplying. Whereas in the year 2000, this type of battery provided 2 GWh of energy, the figure had already risen to 46 GWh by 2014, explained Pillot. Nevertheless, lead-acid batteries still account for the majority of market share by far and still comprised 90 per cent last year.
New trends in recycling
In future, lithium-ion batteries are likely to be used in even more fields of application. The experts in Montreux were confident that this type would become increasingly popular in the fields of electric mobility and industrial applications. Hartmut Stahl from the Institute of Applied Ecology predicted that by the year 2050, some 43.4 million vehicles on roads worldwide will be powered by lithium-ion batteries.
For the recycling industry, this means getting adjusted to a new mixture of materials going into the future. Therefore, several of the lectures held at the ICBR dealt with possible ways of optimising existing recycling processes. In addition, new trends in the recycling of lithium-ion batteries and alkaline batteries were presented.
Last but not least, the collecting of waste batteries was another topic that aroused a great deal of interest. Take-back systems such as GRS in Germany, BatteryPack in the UK, Inobat in Switzerland and JBRC in Japan took the opportunity to present their systems and strategies at the ICBR. Inobat seems to be a particularly successful system. The organisation currently boasts a collection rate of 71.4 per cent, which is expected to be even higher in the future. In fact, the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment is targeting an 80 per cent collection rate.
That is really good news for Swiss battery recycling companies such as Batrec Industrie, as efficient collecting is the prerequisite for successful recycling. How much of this volume actually ends up being recycled is a financial question, explained Batrec CEO Dieter Offenthaler at the conference in Montreux. Technically speaking, a great deal is possible, but recycling processes need to be profitable as well. The crucial question, therefore, is how much the Swiss are prepared to pay for recycling.
For more information and graphic material please contact:
5708 Birrwil, Switzerland
Tel: +41 62 785 10 00
Fax: +41 62 785 10 05
ICM AG is an internationally leading congress organiser that specialises in the field of recycling. With four congresses each year, ICM covers major topics that impact the circular economy, primarily focusing on the recycling of electrical and electronic goods, end-of-life automobiles, and batteries. The congresses are held alternately in various countries of Europe, in North America, and in Asia. You can find an overview of ICM's upcoming congresses here.
Exciting opportunities for the recycling industry in Asia
The Electronics Recycling Asia 2015 conference, organised by the World Recycling Forum (WRF), took place in the scenic surroundings of the Shangri-La Hotel Singapore, where the presidents of China and Taiwan had shaken hands at the very same location just a few days earlier. Although the number of participants in the conference was slightly lower than in previous years, their quality was excellent, representing key stakeholders from the entire industry. In his opening speech, Roger Burri, CEO of Metal Depot Zurich AG and Co-Chairman of WRF, emphasised that the world of recycling is changing. For instance, the role of re-use is likely to become far more important in the future. Electronic products will have multiple lives, as we move from the recycling paradigm towards a re-use paradigm. The circular economy was naturally a central theme at the conference.
Demand for new technology
From a European perspective, the volume of e-waste in the Asian market is enormous. In China alone, approximately 230 million mobile phones are replaced annually. Despite a large proportion of them finding a second lease of life in the hands of another person, a huge number of handsets end up being recycled. While China is looking to become a leading player in e-waste handling, as its new WEEE legislation and the Chinese Circular Economy initiative indicate, the country still lacks the leading technology and skills needed to adequately process the waste. Likewise, India is changing its way of thinking about e-waste, as the country has meanwhile realised how many valuable resources it contains, giving European recycling technology vendors and researchers plenty to do on the Asian market in the years to come.
Collection and informal sector – major challenges
One of the key messages of the conference was that there are two major challenges in many of the emerging e-waste markets in the region. The first challenge relates to organising the collection of e-waste in the various countries. Nowadays, collection is typically handled by “a man and a bicycle” who collects e-waste door-to-door and then sells it on, typically to informal sector players. According to Venkatesha Murthy, CEO of Vans Chemistry, in most Asian countries, only 5 to 7 per cent of e-waste is collected within the formal system. Apart from collection, these door-to-door collectors also disassemble the electronic products, which, in turn, creates health problems.
According to Murthy, e-waste in Asia is a gold mine. However, before recyclers get their hands on the gold, proper regulation is needed. For instance, there is no common definition for e-waste among Asian countries. Regulators are confused, they do not understand what e-waste is. Furthermore, e-waste is not a priority on their agenda because there are other fractions causing even bigger problems.
In India there has been a lot of discussion about e-waste and regulation, but little has happened. Murthy also points out that many of the most populated countries in the world do not have recycling fees for electronic waste. One interesting item of news was that China is now subsidising collection by paying a recycling fee to people who properly recycle their used mobile phones. However, there is some concern that this policy could lead to the illegal importation of used mobile phones from neighbouring countries.
Quest for precious metals
A key theme at the conference in Singapore was precious metals, and gold in particular. The message was that in order to make money with e-waste, you need to extract the gold it contains. Even though devices are getting smaller and the amount of metal per device is diminishing, the new mobile phones and tablets still contain high amounts of precious metals, including gold and silver. In general, demand for metals in electronics is increasing dramatically. E-waste is an excellent source of gold, as up to 98 per cent of the gold can be recovered in the recycling process. According to Murthy, “there is a gold mine in e-waste in Asia”. However, in order to recover the precious metals and rare earth elements, more advanced technology and processes are needed. Japan, Taiwan and Korea have a number of companies with this capability, but it is clear that greater capacity will be needed in Asia going forward. Apart from metals, there is also huge demand for secondary plastics in Asia.
Best available technology
Technologically, various combinations of mechanical treatment, hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy were presented at the conference and the accompanying exhibition. The search for green technologies and processes that use less energy and toxic chemicals is in progress. However, recycling e-waste is a complex process, and getting the best possible results requires more that just the latest equipment. For instance, we heard that although China has acquired state-of-the-art recycling technology from Europe, in some cases actual production results have not reached the expected levels. As mentioned by ECO Special Waste Management Pte Ltd. during the tour of its plant in Singapore, it takes time to find the right equipment for each process and to build a well-functioning system.
Go East, young Man!
In line with the words of American author Horace Greeley, one should encourage all the players in the electronics recycling industry to go to Asia. We are living in interesting times now, as China has its WEEE legislation in place and India is realising that used eletronics can be an asset, and not just waste. Not to mention all the other interesting markets in the region, such as our host country Singapore, which is starting to model its WEEE recycling system. An eye-opening example was a story that was told in the workshop focusing on electronics recycling in China: whereas in the past, Japan looked to China to take some of its e-waste, today it is the other way around and Japan is now asking China if it could spare some of its e-waste, as resource-poor Japan needs material for urban mining purposes.
For more information and graphic material please contact:
Ms Sibylle Wiederkehr
5708 Birrwil, Switzerland
Phone: +41 62 785 10 00
Fax: +41 62 785 10 05
ICM is an international leader in the organisation of conferences specialising in the fields of recycling cars, electronics and batteries. These waste streams have been among the world's fastest growing commodity markets for years.
ICM AG is a Swiss company which has organised conferences in Europe, North America and Asia since the year 2000. The company was founded by Jeanette Duttlinger. Her team consists of 15 employees who speak German, Swiss, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Russian, Finnish and Chinese.
Conform Registrului National OMG, publicat de Agenția Națională pentru Protecția Mediului, în 2015 au fost cultivate în scop comercial doar 2,5 hectare de organisme modificate genetic (OMG) – respectiv cu porumbul MON810. Este vorba de un singur cultivator, o stațiune de cercetare din Săcuieni, jud. Neamț. În ciuda lobby-ului intens făcut de marile sindicate de fermieri și de Ministerul Agriculturii, împreună cu corporații ca Monsanto, Syngenta, Pioneer – fermierii români au renunțat complet la cultivarea de porumb modificat genetic.
În 1998, România a fost prima țară care a autorizat culturi modificate genetic, din Europa geografică. Între 1998 – 2007, România a cultivat oficial soia modificată genetic (MG), deținută de compania Monsanto. În 2006, suprafețele cu soia MG au înregistrat o suprafață de aproape 140.000 de hectare, un record încă nedepășit de nici o altă țară de pe continent.
Când România a devenit membră UE (în 2007), a fost forțată să schimbe politica OMG, înterzicând soia MG și autorizând automat doar ceea ce era autorizat la nivelul UE. Porumbul MG MON810 – singura plantă MG autorizată pentru cultivare comercială în UE – a fost inițial promovat că va avea producții mari, cu mari promisiuni față de fermieri. În anii care au urmat, fermierii români s-au confruntat în schimb cu o dezamăgire.
Productivitatea foarte scăzută a porumbului MON810 a determinat fermierii să renunțe la culturile modificate genetic. An după an, numărul cultivatorilor a scăzut. În 2015 niciun fermier nu a dorit să cultive porumb modificat genetic. Doar o stațiune de cercetare a cultivat 2,5 hectare în N-E țării.
Câmpurile de cercetare au regim diferit față de cele cultivate în scop comercial. România a autorizat câmpuri de cercetare OMG încă din 1998. Companii ca Monsanto, Pioneer, Limagrain, Euralis, Syngenta – au fost de-a lungul anilor printre principalii menținători au OMG-urilor cultivate pentru testare în aer liber. În 2015, câteva tipuri de porumb MG și un tip de pruni MG au fost cultivate / menținute, de diferite stațiuni de cercetare din țară.
Producătorul auto german a recunoscut că se face vinovat de instalarea la bordul a circa 11 miloane de automobile a unui software ilegal prin care a obţinut în mod fraudulos „note de trecere” privind emisiile poluante. Dincolo de criza de imagine a Volkswagen Group, cu vaste implicaţii economice şi politice, se ridică întrebări despre veridicitatea testelor care certifică emisiile poluante ale autovehiculelor şi despre cât de sinceră este industria auto când promite să devină mai prietenoasă cu mediul.
Departe de a se fi lămurit deplin în urma demisiei CEO-ului Martin Winterkorn, la 23 septembrie, criza prin care trece Volkswagen Group rivalizează la titlul de „ştirea anului” cu alte subiecte fierbinţi. O ştire de fapt divers, publicată de The Daily Mail, relevă impactul scandalului generat de încălcarea unor norme de mediu: Leonardo DiCaprio şi studiorile Paramount Pictures au achiziţionat drepturile de ecranizare a unei cărţi pe tema „Dieselgate” mai înainte ca aceasta să fi fost scrisă şi publicată.
La mijlocul lunii octombrie 2015, Volkswagen Group era pasibilă de o amendă de 18 miliarde de dolari în SUA, se confrunta cu pierderi de 33 de miliarde de euro pe bursele lumii şi se pregătea de cheltuirea a 6,5 miliarde de euro pentru a chema în service toate cele 11 milioane de autovehicule „culpabile”. De-a lungul anului 2016, software-ul prin care au fost măsluite rezultatele ce atestau respectarea normelor privind emisiile poluante va fi dezactivat.
Pe baza încrederii primite de la zeci de milioane de clienţi, compania germană s-a aflat, decenii la rând, într-o competiţie strânsă cu Toyota pentru locurile 1 și 2 în topul producătorilor auto mondiali. În următoarele luni, evoluţia vânzărilor Volkswagen va atesta dacă şi în ce măsură recunoaşterea vinovăţiei a atras „iertarea” clienţilor.
Până atunci, revista Nature atrage atenţia asupra chestiunii esenţiale care a declanşat scandalul: problemele legate de poluare ale motoarelor diesel. În 2014, în cadrul unui studiu efectuat la West Virginia University (WVU), a fost descoperit că modelele Volkswagen Jetta și Passat elimină „noxe” - dioxid de azot şi oxid nitric (prescurtate NOx) – în cantităţi de 10 până la 35-40 de ori mai mari decât normele admise în SUA.
Cercetătorii de la WVU nu se aşteptau la surprize neplăcute privind nerespectarea normelor, dar studiul lor s-a dovedit mai scrupulos decât alte demersuri similare. Echipa de cercetare crease echipamente care permiteau măsurarea nivelului noxelor şi în cazul maşinilor în mişcare, nu doar în condiţii de laborator. Pe mai multe tipuri de drumuri – şi mai ales în pantă şi la accelerări bruşte – volumul de noxe eliminate creştea substanţial faţă de datele din laborator.
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